Saudi Arabia’s finance minister has told CNBC that an “even worse” energy crisis could be triggered if the world is not careful with its climate policies.
“If we are not careful about what we are doing to achieve our targets, we may end up having [a] very serious energy crisis like what we are seeing now, and it could be even worse in the future,” said Mohammed al-Jadaan, though he noted that climate policies are “very important.”
Gas prices across Europe and elsewhere have surged because of a number of factors including increased demand, low inventories and a lack of wind power generation.
Speaking to CNBC’s Hadley Gamble Wednesday in an exclusive interview, Finance Minister al-Jadaan called for balance, saying he would like to see developments in new technologies for capturing, reusing and recycling carbon alongside investment in renewable energy sources.
Carbon capture refers to technology that captures carbon dioxide either from the atmosphere or as it is emitted, such as when fossil fuels are burned for energy. Some see it as a promising way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, though not everyone agrees.
“I think we will be a lot safer in both climate change and energy security” if the right balance is struck, said al-Jadaan.
It comes as Saudi Arabia attempts to diversify its economy away from reliance on hydrocarbons, although the majority of its revenues still come from oil.
Oil price concerns
Al-Jadaan said the kingdom doesn’t want oil prices too high or low.
“I don’t want a price that is too low, which then will cripple investments and cause a serious energy crisis,” he said. He added that “unintended consequences” of policies focusing on renewables in places like Europe had helped cause gas prices to soar.
A “balanced” oil price is one that is good for producers and allows them to continue investing in supply, but does not derail the world’s recovery from a “very devastating Covid-19 crisis,” he said.
Separately, al-Jadaan also said he is concerned about inflation, but not stagflation.
Economist Stephen Roach has warned that energy price spikes could affect China’s supply chain and lead to stagflation — where prices are rising, but economic growth is slowing — in the U.S. and beyond.
“I’m worried a little bit about inflation, and particularly in areas where it relates to energy,” al-Jadaan said.
He said energy price rises should be watched carefully, and “people would need to rethink what have we done to cause this shortage … of supply, and try to correct it.”
However, he added that the problems are unlikely to be long term ones, and could be resolved in one to two years.
— CNBC’s Chloe Taylor, Sam Meredith and Stephanie Landsman contributed to this report.