Month: September 2020

1. Benford, D., Amato, M., Mather, J. C., Moseley, S. H. & Leisawitz, D. Mission concept for the Single Aperture Far-Infrared (SAFIR) Observatory. Astrophys. Space Sci. 294, 177–212 (2004). ADS  Article  Google Scholar  2. Graham, P. W., Irastorza, I. G., Lamoreaux, S. K., Lindner, A. & van Bibber, K. A. Experimental searches for the axion
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SAN FRANCISCO — SWISSto12 is working with Thales Alenia Space to expand the use of additively manufactured parts for geostationary communications satellites. Swissto12, a Lausanne, Switzerland, telecommunications component startup, has worked for years to design, manufacture and test waveguide signal interconnects for Thales Alenia Space communications satellites. Thales Alenia Space plans to install the 3D-printed
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A water saver device innovation in UK toilets meant to save water for consumers is wasting billions of liters each week. Approximately 400 million liters or 88 million gallons are wasted from leaks each day. Dual-flushing toilets A lot of the waste comes from dual-flushing toilets marketed as water-saving devices. According to a water company, waste comes from their
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Nurses care for a person in the intensive-care unit of a hospital in the French region of Guadeloupe.Credit: Lara Balais/AFP/Getty Immune breakdown linked to severe COVID-19 illness Some severe cases of COVID‑19, including those in healthy people, could be linked to dysfunction of immune-signalling chemicals called type-1 interferons, according to a study of people with
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WASHINGTON — NASA and SpaceX are finalizing reviews of minor changes to the Crew Dragon spacecraft that they expect will be complete before the first operational mission launches to the International Space Station at the end of October. During a series of press conferences Sept. 29 about the upcoming Crew-1 mission to the ISS, officials
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Upgrades will include mix of new phased array antennas, commercial services and capacity from other U.S. government agencies. WASHINGTON – In a test this summer at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado, an electronically steered phased array antenna made by Lockheed Martin and Ball Aerospace communicated with four military satellites across multiple orbits. This was a
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Ruth Bader Ginsburg was a hero. The obituaries have focused on her legacy as a feminist icon, her singular determination, her deep humanity, and her profound common sense. These traits were exemplified by her famous dissents — equal parts restrained and biting — against a series of regressive Supreme Court majority decisions. We don’t immediately
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By Allison Kubo Hutchison  Comparison of Earth, the Moon, and Ceres. Image by Gregory Revera NASA/JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDA. Ceres is the largest body in the asteroid belt. It represents the history of our solar system as a protoplanet, a planetary embryo which formed 4.56 billion years ago. Earth itself is made of the agglomeration of several planetary
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Many voters waited hours to cast ballots in US primaries this spring.Credit: Al Drago/Reuters Democratizing Our Data: A Manifesto Julia Lane MIT Press (2020) The Web was invented 30 years ago, yet 2020 is the first year that the United States’ decennial census has allowed households to respond online. This shift came in the nick
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SAN FRANCISCO – Swarm Technologies, a Silicon Valley startup seeking to connect sensors in a low-cost, global internet-of-things (IoT) network, announced prices for its satellite communications products Sept. 29, including data services starting at $5 per device per month.. Swarm launched its first 12 operational Spacebee satellites in early September aboard an Arianespace Vega rocket.
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Andean communities are turning to quinoa during today’s pandemic and climate change crises, with traditional quinoa preserving the heritage of local biodiversity in this region. Indigenous Andean communities have planted quinoa for seven millennia, and the deserted highlands that serve as their home have been declared by the UN as a GIAHS, or Globally Important
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Credit: Adapted from Getty Hundreds of scientists worldwide have petitioned an international marine-mammalogy society to take a stand against unpaid positions such as internships and work-experience placements, arguing that uncompensated work presents barriers to diversity and inclusion within the discipline. The petition, which was signed by 727 marine-mammal researchers and others, was sent to the
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Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai gestures during a session at the World Economic Forum (WEF) annual meeting in Davos, on January 22, 2020. (Photo by Fabrice COFFRINI / AFP) (Photo by FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP via Getty Images) Google said on Monday that it will enforce rules that require app developers distributing Android software on the Google Play
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Windship Technology announced its wind propulsion system project on ships expected to save fuel by up to 30 percent. It already has a test ship ready. Windship Tech is a company advocating wind propulsion. (Photo: Pixabay)Windship Technology recently announced that it is working on wind propulsion systems that could save fuel consumption by up to 30%.   First Test Ship
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I became fascinated by bats in 2011, after I started working with them in Central Amazonia. But this photo was taken near Ranomafana National Park in eastern Madagascar, during an expedition organized by the University of Helsinki. My colleague, Adrià López-Baucells, and I led the bat research. I am in the white T-shirt. We had
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WASHINGTON — NASA says they are still not sure of the source of a small air leak on the International Space Station after the crew spent a second weekend confined to a single module there. The Expedition 63 crew of NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy and Roscosmos cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner remained inside the
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The logo of Siemens Energy pictured at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange on Monday, 28 September 2020, in Frankfurt, Germany. Frank Rumpenhorst | picture alliance | Getty Images The CEO of Siemens Energy outlined a vision for the newly-listed firm’s future on Monday, describing it as a “mirror of today’s energy world” and stressing the importance
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Many multicellular animals respond to disease-causing agents, termed pathogens, using an evolutionarily conserved defence pathway called the cGAS–STING pathway1,2. Reports in the past few years of cGAS- and STING-like proteins in bacteria raised the possibility that this pathway is more evolutionarily ancient than was previously thought3–5. Writing in Nature, Morehouse et al.6 demonstrate that a
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Congress for years has been critical of the U.S. Air Force’s weather satellite programs. WASHINGTON — The Space Force has completed a report mandated by Congress on its plans to acquire weather satellites to fill a growing military demand for meteorological data, a senior official told SpaceNews. The report is done and is being submitted
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Graphene nanoribbon: Scanning tunnelling microscope image of a wide-band metallic graphene nanoribbon (GNR). Each cluster of protrusions corresponds to a singly occupied electron orbital. The formation of a pentagonal ring near each cluster leads to a twentyfold increase in the conductivity of metallic GNRs. The GNR backbone has a width of 1.6 nm. (Courtesy: UC
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US visa restrictions have forced some international researchers out of the nation.Credit: Getty A flurry of US visa restrictions, along with ongoing anti-immigrant sentiment in the nation, has affected a countless number of early-career international researchers. In early July 2020, the administration of UP President Donald Trump announced a controversial, widely criticized policy to revoke
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LONDON — When Allbirds founders Tim Brown and Joey Zwillinger launched the footwear brand in 2016, they wanted to make a simple-looking shoe that was logo-free. They started with a sneaker that had a wool upper, and ads claimed they were the “world’s most comfortable” shoes. Their sneakers soon became the go-to footwear of Silicon
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Researchers from MIT and Brigham and Women’s Hospital hope to reduce the risk to healthcare workers posed by COVID-19 by using robots to remotely measure patients’ vital signs. (Courtesy: the researchers, edited by MIT News) A team of US-based researchers has created an innovative robotic platform that can remotely measure hospital patients’ vital signs –
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There were no readily accessible oxygen billions of years in Earth’s past, and scientists now think that arsenic, a known poison, may have helped early life on our planet breathe. In the Atacama Desert in Chile, in Laguna La Brava, researchers study photosynthetic microorganisms that live in a hyper-saline lake that is permanently and utterly devoid of oxygen. They published their research
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